32. Words which stand in the place of nouns, as "you," "he," "who,"
"which," are called "pronouns". Pronouns referring to the person
speaking ("I", "we"), the person addressed ("you", "thou"), or the
person or thing spoken of ("he", "she", "it", "they"), are called
"personal pronouns". They are considered singular or plural, according
to whether they refer to one or more persons. Since the meaning of such
pronouns indicates the number, no plural ending is ever attached to
them. The personal pronouns are:
First person: mi, I (me). ni, we (us).
Second person: vi, you. vi, you.
li, he (him).
Third person: shi, she (her). ili, they (them).
[Footnote: There is another pronoun "ci" (thou), for the second person
singular, used in solemn style, as in the Bible, in poetry, and also
for intimate or familiar address when desired, like German "du", French
AGREEMENT WITH PRONOUNS.
33. Nouns in predicate relation with pronouns, or adjectives modifying
such pronouns, are made to agree with them in number:
Ni estas bonaj kaj felichaj, we are good and happy.
Rozoj estas floroj, ill ne estas fruktoj,
roses are flowers, they are not fruits.
Gertrudo, vi estas bona, Gertrude, you are good.
Knabinoj, chu vi estas felichaj? Girls, are you happy?